Developing Secure Strategies for Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks in Connected and Autonomous Vehicles
A Vehicular Ad Hoc Network (VANET) is a significant innovation toward avoiding such deadly traffic accidents that uses a variety of state-of-the-art safety applications that integrate physical systems and user attributes. A VANET is a self-organized, multi-purpose, service-oriented communication network enabling vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) and vehicle-to-roadside infrastructure (V2I) communication for the purpose of exchanging messages to ensure an efficient and comfortable traffic system on roads. However, VANETs are potentially susceptible to cyberattacks.
This research will focus on false data injection attacks, in which a malicious agent aims to affect the behavior of vehicles in the network by injecting false information about, for example, the traffic condition in the area or the availability of charging stations. Countermeasures will be developed using anomaly identification technique based on learning and detection algorithms. The approach aims to develop security game frameworks for vehicular networks that model the interaction between attackers and various defense mechanisms.
The objective of this work is to provide an attack-resilient framework for connected and autonomous vehicles against malicious attacks that can cause failures and/or disruption of service in both transportation and information networks and the interactions among them. In particular, the goal of this project is to enable the system to satisfy stricter system safety and performance requirements, increasing tolerance against attacks and enabling lesser degradation under disruptive attack scenarios. The research team aims to:
- Develop a suitable algorithm to fuse the data collected from the other CAVs in the network in order to produce a reliable estimation of the traffic evolution in the area
- Design a control logic that uses the outcome of the sandbox simulation to distinguish between good and malicious data
- Design mitigation measures and analyze how they increase the resilience of the transportation systems against the impacts of cyber intrusions
- Outreach plan and initial stakeholder meeting
- Report on risk analysis methodology for CAVs
- Algorithms and data for cyber monitoring and detection of CAVs
- Report on resilient multi-model planning for mitigation
- Final report and workshop
|Principal Investigator||Quanyan Zhu, NYU|
|Total Project Cost||$60,000 plus matching funds of $30,000|
|Start and End Dates||03/01/2019-02/28/2020|
|Implementation of Research Outcomes||Research outcomes will be provided in a number of
different ways. First, as indicated in the “agency and
industry partners” and “outreach” sections) a large number
of organizations and individuals who are potential users of
the results will provide contact points for dissemination.
Second, conferences, meetings, and other venues will also
enable the researchers to disseminate and demonstrate
their findings, and engage users through an initial meeting
and a workshop. Third, technology transfer will be an
important part of outreach, and will be accomplished
through the development of a data source and research
repository, guide and demonstration outline for transfer.
|Impacts/Benefits of Implementation||The benefits and impacts of implementation include
providing decision-makers and users of CAVs with tools to
protect against the effects of cyber intrusions.